Beginnjahr 2004 Abschlussjahr 2006


durchführende Institutionen finanzierende Institutionen


ProjektleiterInnen+Ansprechpersonen MitarbeiterInnen
Ländercode Österreich Sprachcode Deutsch

Education has always been one of the most important factors in personal and societal development. Any effective intercultural learning arrangement should integrate different culture-bound learning styles and exhaust potential synergies. Hence, the general objective of this project is to create awareness and deeper insight for teachers and students in higher education by reflecting differences and similarities and finding ways towards efficient collaboration in learning environments. By doing this, teaching and learning will become more efficient, and institutions of higher education in the ASEAN countries will become more attractive to non-ASEAN students and vice versa. The project was supported through an academic conference. The conference took place in Singapore on October 6th and 7th, 2005.Personal and societal development almost always takes into account the importance of education. Today and in the future it will be the international dimension of education that contributes added value in the building of European and ASEAN communities that span borders and will be instrumental in solving the global problems of tomorrow. Over and beyond student mobility programs based on bilateral cooperation agreements between universities, more and more ASEAN and European institutions of higher education are promoting their programs to non ASEAN and non-European degree-seeking, full-time students. Many institutions, however, have encountered that admitting students from non-ASEAN and non-European countries and cultures is just the first step of a new era in the internationalization of education. Very rarely have institutions of higher learning recognized the fact that as values, attitudes and behavior vary across cultural borders, so do the way students perceive, process and present information.


Based on research findings from literature and database research a questionnaire was developed. A pre-test and a final survey was conducted. Organizational aspects were analysed with secondary statistical methods by analysing structures of students and staff in higher education in the participating countries (quantitative research). Moreover we content-analysed material and texts and had students work in focus groups (qualitative research). The objects were linked to many different aspects of learning: students, teachers, method, self and environment, as mentioned in the literature and based on our experiences as long-term teachers in higher education. The new instrument was a collection of 92 items on students’ attitudes concerning learning, studying and learning environments. Three items were related according to the concept of attitude to the profile of derived aspects of learning, such as group behaviour, professors, teaching methods, individual study behaviour, the physical environment and demographic characteristics.


International Conference Project reports Website ( Toolbox (Folder, Flyer, Conference Proceedings, Database, Book). Pre-test and Final Survey with 2800 students in the four partner countries.

Erhebungstechniken und Auswahlverfahren

Broad based literature and database research. Empirical research in the form of a survey in the four participating countries (questionnaire with 92 items). Factor analysis and interpretation. Quantitative and qualitative research approach.

Publikationen (+ link zum OBV)
  • Intercultural communication competencies in higher education and management : proceedings of the International Conference on Intercultural Communication Competencies, October 6-7, 2005, Singapore. - Singapore : Marshall Cavendish Academic, 2006. - ISBN:978-981-210-461-8.
    Link zum Bibliotheken Verbund
  • Apfelthaler, Gerhard : Cross-cultural Learning Stiles in Higher Education. // In: International Journal of Learning. - 12. 2005/06, S. ? (23.3.2011 Zeitschrift nicht im Bibliothekenverbund).
  • Apfelthaler, Gerhard : Cross-cultural Differences in Learning and Education. Stereotypes, Mythos and Realities // In: Learning and teaching across cultures in higher education . Basingstoke . S. ? .
    Link zum Bibliotheken Verbund
Internet (pages + downloads)
Hauptkategorie(n)Geographische Einheiten
Verhalten und Persönlichkeit
Bildungsinhalt (Themenfeld)
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